Worldwide degradation of coral reefs has been well documented –, and although the effects of global climate change (and associated effects of bleaching, acidification, and disease) are thought to be the major drivers, local effects related to human population density (eg, destructive fishing, pollution) exacerbate the destruction to coral. Diseases and rising sea temperatures threaten to damage coral reefs across the caribbean region diseases have caused profound changes in caribbean coral reefs in the past 30 years, with very few areas unscathed by disease, even reefs far removed from human influence.
The future of coral reefs in the caribbean and the services they provide to a growing human population depend on how soon countries in the region become seriously committed to regulating human. From 11393 articles found in the literature search on the topics of coral reefs, one eighth of papers are related to the impact of human activities on coral reefs (figure 9 and figure 10) of course, there should be more factors impacting on coral reefs and have contributed to their mortality. The caribbean coral reefs are vital and valuable natural resources that contain a wealth of biodiversity including over 60 species of coral and 1,500 human population: region including the red sea, indian ocean, southeast asia and the pacific account for 919% of this total and the atlantic and caribbean coral reefs account for 76.
The term caribbean coral reefs (as used herein) is not used in the strict sense of the caribbean sea proper greater caribbean region rather, we use the term to denote a much broader region often referred to as the greater caribbean region , (formally known as the tropical western atlantic . Human impact on coral reefs print reference this published: 23rd march southeast asia accounts for 323% of that figure, while the pacific including australia accounts for 408% atlantic and caribbean coral reefs only account for 76% of world total” as a result of human interference on coral reefs, coral mortality is higher than. Lots of coral reef scientists have risen to this key issue introduction “coral reefs are evaluated to cover 284,300 square kilometers, with the indo-pacific region (including the red sea, indian ocean, southeast asia and the pacific) accounting for 919% of the total.
Ship and small boat groundings can heavily damage coral reefs and virtually every coral reef system near human population centers experiences these impacts for example, biscayne national park, a unit of the national park system, reports over 300 small boat and ship groundings a year impacting seagrass beds and coral reefs.
Sharks, barracuda and other large predatory fishes disappear on caribbean coral reefs as human populations rise, endangering the region's marine food web and ultimately its reefs and fisheries.
Coral reefs in the caribbean have suffered significant changes due to the proximal effects of a growing human population the study showed clearly that the number of people living in close proximity to coral reefs is the main driver of the mortality of corals, loss of fish biomass and increases in macroalgae abundance.
Understanding the current status of predatory fish communities, and the effects fishing has on them, is vitally important information for management however, data are often insufficient at region-wide scales to assess the effects of extraction in coral reef ecosystems of developing nations.
The expanding human population and its activities may impact coral reef health in a number of ways development, urbanization, and agriculture lead to increases in freshwater runoff, polluted runoff, sedimentation, and nutrient inputs. In the last two decades, coral reefs in the caribbean and around the world have experienced major natural disturbances these natural events may have been influenced by human activities during the early 1980s a water borne pathogen was carried throughout the caribbean sea. Effects of a growing human population, according to the latest world bank analysis, caribbean coral reefs could disappear by 20605 the wider caribbean region has experienced major losses of reef fish in the last 15 years6 climate change & impacts on the caribbean sea. Jamaica is the third largest caribbean island the caribbean's coral reefs will cease to exist in 20 years if a conservation effort is not made in 2005, 34 percent of jamaica's coral reefs were bleached due to rising sea temperatures jamaica's coral reefs are also threatened by overfishing, pollution, natural disasters, and reef mining.