In the time of the trial of socrates, the year 399 bc, the city-state of athens recently had perdured the trials and tribulations of spartan hegemony, the thirteen-month régime of the thirty tyrants, imposed consequent to the athenian defeat in the peloponnesian war (431–404 bc. Socrates, plato, and aristotle represent a secular trinity, three men whose influence on thought from medicine to politics, from metaphysics to literary theory, has been incalculable plato wanted to portray socrates not just as a great philosopher, but as an exemplar of the craft, his life a paragon and a model.
The trial of socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the people's court, located in the agora, the civic center of athens the jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot most of the jurors were probably farmers. If he has such a bad influence on the youth of athens, socrates asks, what is it that has a good influence meletus responds that the laws make people good socrates then urges meletus to clarify which people might have this good influence, whose business it is to know the laws.
The trial of socrates provides one of the best ways to know who he was, what he stood for, and why ancient athens is so important to the study of and you have corrupted the youth of athens socrates: the judges of athens accuse me unjustly i have never disputed the existence of the search for truth as a corrupting influence judge #3. The years leading up to socrates' trial were hard on athens athens had just lost the peloponnesian war against its long-time rival sparta, and sparta had installed the thirty tyrants though their rule only lasted 13 months, it was extremely brutal, and quite unpopular. The philosopher was charged on two accounts: impiety and corruption of the youth the trial of socrates occurred in 399 bce with jury of about 500 men prosecutors argued that socrates failed to acknowledge the athenian pantheon gods, and preached the youth about strange deities. Socrates was born c 469/470 bce to the sculptor sophronicus and the mid-wife phaenarete he studied music, gymnastics, and grammar in his youth (the common subjects of study for a young greek) and followed his father's profession as a sculptor.
Primary-source accounts of the trial and execution of socrates are the apology of socrates by plato and the apology of socrates to the jury by xenophon of athens, who had been his student contemporary interpretations include the trial of socrates (1988) by the journalist i f stone, and why socrates died: dispelling the myths (2009) by the classics scholar robin waterfield. The trial of socrates parts: (11) narrator cleon diodorus judge #1 judge#2 judge #3 and you have corrupted the youth of athens socrates: the judges of athens accuse me unjustly i have never disputed the existence of the we have come to speak on behalf of our beloved teacher, socrates we fear for his life and believe we are best able. What did socrates teach which lead to his conviction that he spoiled youth and taught other gods the years leading up to socrates' trial were hard on athens socrates argued that he was a teacher to the athenian youth, not a corrupter regarding the atheism charge, socrates maintained that the charge was absurd since the accuser talked. Over the past century, numerous plays about socrates have also focused on socrates's life and influence one of the most recent has been socrates on trial , a play based on aristophanes's clouds and plato's apology , crito , and phaedo , all adapted for modern performance. Socrates: greece’s most famous philosopher, thought by many to have been a corrupting influence on the youth of athens stronger argument: personified in age weaker argument: personified in youth meletus: socrates’ 1st accuser anytus: socrates’ 2nd accuser lykon: socrates’ 3rd accuser.
The trial and execution of socrates in athens in 399 bce puzzles historians why, in a society enjoying more freedom and democracy than any the world had ever seen, would a 70-year-old philosopher be put to death for what he was teaching the puzzle is all the greater because socrates had taught--without molestation--all of his adult life. The trial and execution of of socrates in athens in 399 bce puzzles historians molestation--all of his adult life what could socrates have said or done than prompted a jury of 500 athenians to send him to his death just a few years before he would have died naturally finding an answer to the mystery of the trial of socrates is.
Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in athens his father sophroniscus was a stonemason and his mother, phaenarete, was a midwife as a youth, he showed an appetite for learning. The life of socrates socrates, 469-399 bc, greek in 399 bc socrates was tried for corrupting the morals of athenian youth and for religious heresies it is now believed that his arrest stemmed in particular from his influence on alcibiades and critias, who had betrayed athens the trial and death of socrates are described by plato.
Two of his younger students, the historian xenophon and the philosopher plato, recorded the most significant accounts of socrates’ life and philosophy for both, the socrates that appears bears the mark of the writer thus, xenophon’s socrates is more straightforward, willing to offer advice rather than simply asking more questions.
Socrates has been accused for years leading up to the trial for corrupting the youth of athens these people have tarnished his name for years and he fears some of the jurors may have heard these things and would already think badly about him. His association with the two principal enemies of athens reflected poorly on socrates, and xenophon tells us that socrates’ repeated association with and love for alcibiades was instrumental in the suspicion that he was a spartan apologist sparta finally defeated athens in 404 bce, just five years before socrates’ trial and execution.